Egypt president Sisi takes up AU chairmanship

*Egypt’s President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi took up the chairmanship of the 55-member African Union (AU) from Rwandan leader, Paul Kagame at its 32nd ordinary session in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on Sunday.

During his tenure, el-Sissi is expected to concentrate on security and financial reform, but with no great plans to strengthen the AU’s multilateral powers.

Instead, the focus is expected to be on combating illegal immigration while Egypt presents itself as a model for hosting refugees.

The summit has been titled: “Refugees, Returnees and Internally Displaced Persons” presented within a security context.

Free trade

The Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) was approved by 44 of 55 member states last March. If ratified, it would become the largest free trade area since the World Trade Organization was set up in 1995.

The CFTA would see tariffs removed from 90 percent of goods and could boost trade within the continent by 52 percent within three years, according to the UN.

The free trade area will come into effect once ratified by 22 of the signatory states. As of February, 19 states had ratified the agreement.

Nigeria is one of the continent’s economic powerhouses staying outside the CFTA, with President Muhammadu Buhari concerned it may hurt Nigerian entrepreneurship and industry.

Human rights concerns

Rights groups, including Amnesty International, have expressed concern that Egypt’s chairmanship may undermine the AU’s human rights mechanisms.

“During his time in power President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has demonstrated a shocking contempt for human rights. Under his leadership the country has undergone a catastrophic decline in rights and freedoms,” said Najia Bounaim, Amnesty’s North Africa Campaigns director.

“There are real fears about the potential impact his chairmanship could have on the independence of regional human rights mechanisms and their future engagement with civil society,” she said. “The African Union member states must ensure that Egypt, as political head of the organization for 2019, upholds the African Union’s values and principles, including respect for human and peoples’ rights.”

Rwandan President Paul Kagame, who led an active, reformist tenure as African Union chair, on Sunday passes the baton to Egypt, seen as more likely to focus on security issues than expanding the powers of the body— AFP news agency (@AFP) February 10, 2019

Egypt's Fattah el-Sisi will succeed Paul Kagame as head of the African Union during a 2-day summit Sunday in Addis Abeba. Analysts say he's likely to focus more on security issues & less on the financial & administrative reforms pushed by Kagame.— Charles Onyango-Obbo (@cobbo3) February 10, 2019